Perennial Ryegrass is the benchmark for long term consistent production within high rainfall regions and now with some flexibility in lower rainfall regions. New varieties have improvements in yield, quality and palatability although can be less persistent when compared with some of the industry staples. Australian grown varieties tend to be leading the charge in being able to handle our tough and varied conditions, and, if managed well, perennials can have a stand life of 10 years and above.

MANAGEMENT TIPS

Sowing Rates:

15-25kg/ha alone
3-15kg/ha in a blend
Sowing depth should be no greater than 15mm.

Grazing:

DO NOT graze until plants are firmly established and cannot be pulled out, 1st grazing should only remove tops to encourage tillering.

A ryegrass tiller will only ever produce three leaves at any one time, for optimum utilisation and production, graze only when at three leaf stage and remove stock when one leaf is remaining. If cutting, cut at between 20-30cms and make sure the cutting deck is no lower than 5cm to avoid removing the crown of the plant maximising quality and yields.

Once emerged monitor for insect damage such as RLEM.

Fertiliser

Soil test should be taken on the paddock prior to planting and adjustment made accordingly.

Sow with phosphorous and nitrogen based fertiliser, further nitrogen applications can be applied moisture allowing, and once the plant is actively growing at a rate of 50kg/ha. If considering cutting for silage or hay a haybooster will increase yields, apply six weeks prior to cutting.

Ryegrass

  • Early Flowering
  • Very Fast establishment
  • Winter Performance of an annual, with persistence over many years
  • Endophyte free = no staggers
  • Highly palatable
  • Excellent heat tolerance
MATURITY
MIN RAINFALL (mm)

SEEDING RATE (kg/ha):
Dryland
High rainfall/irrigation
Early
400


15-30kg/ha
30kg/ha +
  • Excellent persistence
  • High dry matter production
  • Highly palatable
  • Early maturing & winter active
  • High level of rust resistance
  • Selected in Australia specifically for our growing conditions
MATURITY
MIN RAINFALL (mm)

SEEDING RATE (kg/ha):
Dryland
High rainfall/irrigation
Early
450


15-25
25-30
  • Fast establishing
  • Excellent early spring production
  • High level of rust resistance
  • Frost resistant
  • Improved late winter -early spring and summer growth
MATURITY
MIN RAINFALL (mm)

SEEDING RATE (kg/ha):
Dryland
High rainfall/irrigation
Very Early
450


15-25
25-30